Grammaticalization of the future markers in Jordanian Arabic


Sabri Alshboul


Department of English Language, Literature and Cultural Studies, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan


Yousef Al-Shaboul


Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan


Sahail M. Asassfeh


Department of English Language, Literature and Cultural Studies, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan


This paper deals with the grammaticalization processes captured in Jordanian and Standard Arabic. The grammaticalization mechanisms, as well as approaches, are analyzed for both Standard and Jordanian Arabic. The issue of grammaticalization directionality is also discussed. We found that We found that the future forms of the Jordanian Arabic ba-, Ha- and ta- have developed out of full lexical items bad(di.), ra(a)ha and Hatta respectively and these forms are developed from Jordanian Arabic, not from Classical Arabic. We also found that the future forms in Jordanian Arabic and Standard Arabic have undergone two processes: desemanticization or bleaching and phonological reduction. Jordanian and Standard Arabic have in common the same mechanisms of change which are operative in the development of future elements: habituation and inference.


grammaticalization; habituation; desemanticization; bleaching; decategorization; conventionalization of implicature

Publication Date

June 1, 2009


Volume 3, Issue 1

Citation information

Alshboul, Sabri, Yousef Al-Shaboul, and Sahail M. Asassfeh. 2009. “Grammaticalization of the future markers in Jordanian Arabic.” Language. Text. Society 3 (1): e26-e37. (Journal title at the time of publication: SamaraAltLinguo E-Journal.)


author = {Alshboul, Sabri and Al-Shaboul, Yousef and Asassfeh, Sahail M.},
title = {{Grammaticalization of the future markers in Jordanian Arabic}},
journal = {Language. Text. Society},
year = {2009},
volume = {3},
number = {1},
pages = {26–37},
url = {},


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