Non-verbal communication in Mikhail Lermontov’s novel “A Hero of Our Time”

Author

Kanevskaya, Tatyana Dmitrievna

Affiliation

Rehabilitation boarding school No. 32

Ulitsa Admirala Lazareva 53, Moscow 117042, Russia

Abstract

The article identifies and analyzes non-verbal components of communication (NVCСs) in the dialogues of the characters of Lermontov’s novel “A Hero of Our Time”, depicted by the author and significant for the description of these characters. In general, the NVCCs play a very important role in the representation and characterization of Lermontov’s characters. It is possible to note their variety (carried out according to rules and norms of communication vs those representing erroneous communicative actions or communicative failures), a variety of messages conveyed by them (means of attracting attention, etiquette communicative actions, signals of harmonic and disharmonic tonality) and interesting reflexion of the characters (first of all Pechorin) about the NVCCs.

Keywords

non-verbal components of communication; informative expressions; phatic expressions; communication failures; pragmatics

Publication Date

December 1, 2019

Issue

Volume 6, Issue 1

Citation information

Kanevskaya, Tatyana Dmitrievna. 2019. “Neverbal’naia kommunikatsiia personazhei romana M. Yu. Lermontova ‘Geroi nashego vremeni’ ” [Non-verbal communication in Mikhail Lermontov’s novel “A Hero of Our Time”]. Language. Text. Society 6 (1): 1-12. (in Russian)

BibTeX

@Article{Kanevskaya2019,
author = {Kanevskaya, Tatyana Dmitrievna},
title = {{Neverbal’naia kommunikatsiia personazhei romana M. Yu. Lermontova ‘Geroi nashego vremeni’} {[Non-verbal communication in Mikhail Lermontov’s novel “A Hero of Our Time”]}},
journal = {Language. Text. Society},
year = {2019},
volume = {6},
number = {1},
pages = {1–12},
url = {https://ltsj.online/2019-06-1-kanevskaya},
}

References

Andrianov, Mikhail Semenovich. 2007. Neverbal’naia kommunikatsiia: psikhologiia i pravo [Non-verbal communication: psychology and law]. Moscow: Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii

Arutiunova, Nina Davidovna. 1999. Iazyk i mir cheloveka [Language and the world of a human]. Moscow: Iazyki russkoi kul’tury. (in Russian)

Bogdanov, V. V. 1986. “Molchanie kak nulevoi rechevoi akt i ego rol’ v verbal’noi kommunikatsii” [Silence as a zero speech act and its role in verbal communication]. In Iazykovoe obshchenie i ego edinitsy [Language communication and its units], 12‒18. Kalinin: Kalinin State University. (in Russian)

Coulthard Malcolm. 1985. An Introduction to Discourse Analysis. Applied Linguistics and Language Study. 2nd ed. London; New York: Longman, 1985.

Gorelov, Il’ia Naumovich. 1980. Neverbal’nye komponenty kommunikatsii [Non-verbal components of communication]. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

Implitsitnost’ v iazyke i rechi [Implicitness in Language and Speech]. 1999. Moscow: Iazyki russkoi kul’tury. (Studia Philologica Series). (in Russian)

Karasik, Vladimir Il’ich. 2017. Iazykovaia plastika obshcheniia [Linguistic plasticity of communication]. Volgograd: Paradigma. (in Russian)

Kondrat’ev, Mikhail Iur’evich, ed. 2005. Sotsial’naia psikhologiia: slovar’ [Social psychology: dictionary]. Moscow: Per Se; St. Petersburg: Rech’.

Kreidlin, Grigorii Efimovich. 2002. Neverbal’naia semiotika: Iazyk tela i estestvennyi iazyk [Non-verbal Semiotics: Body Language and Natural Language]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie. (Academic Library Series). (in Russian)

Kristeva, Julia. 2004. “Zhest: praktika ili kommunikatsiia?” [Gesture: practice or communication?] In Izbrannye trudy: Razrushenie poetiki [Selected works: The destruction of poetics], 114‒135. Moscow: ROSSPEN. (in Russian)

Polishchuk, Galina Georgievna, and Ol’ga Borisovna Sirotinina. 1979. “Razgovornaia rech’ i khudozhestvennyi dialog” [Colloquial speech and artistic dialogue]. In Lingvistika i poetika [Linguistics and poetics], 188‒199. Moscow Nauka. (in Russian)

Sacks, Harvey. 1995. Lectures on Conversation, edited by Gail Jefferson, with an introduction by Emanuel A. Schegloff. 2 vols. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444328301.

Schiffrin, Deborah. 1994. Approaches to discourse. Blackwell textbooks in linguistics 8. Oxford, UK ; Cambridge, MA: B. Blackwell.

Sedov, Konstantin Fedorovich. 2016. Obshchaia i antropotsentricheskaia lingvistika [General and anthropocentric linguistics], edited by Vadim Viktorovich Dementyev and Stella Naumovna Tseitlin. Moscow: Iazyki slavianskikh kul’tur: IaSK. (Studia Philologica Series). (in Russian)

Sharifullin, Boris Yakhiyevich. 2016. “Rechevye zhanry v neverbal’noi kommunikatsii” [The Speech Genres of Non-Verbal Communication] Zhanry rechi [Speech Genres], no. 1: 18‒23. (in Russian)

Sternin, Iosif Abramovich. 2001. Vvedenie v rechevoe vozdeistvie [Introduction to linguistic manipulation]. Voronezh: Voronezh State University. (in Russian)

Tannen, Deborah. 1984. Conversational style: analyzing talk among friends. Language and learning for human service professions. Norwood, N.J: Ablex Pub. Corp.

Vinokur, Tat’iana Grigor’evna. 1993. “Informativnaia i faticheskaia rech’ kak obnaruzhenie raznykh kommunikativnykh namerenii govoriashchego i slushaiushchego” [Informative and phatic speech as the manifestation of various communicative intentions of the speaker and listener]. In Russkii iazyk v ego funktsionirovanii. Kommunikativno- pragmaticheskii aspekt [The Russian language in its functioning. Communicative and pragmatic aspect], 5‒29. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)

Zemskaia, Elena Andreevna, ed. 1983. Russkaia razgovornaia rech’. Fonetika. Morfologiia. Leksika. Zhest [Russian colloquial speech. Phonetics. Morphology. Vocabulary. Gesture]. Moscow: Nauka. (in Russian)